Stems Cells Explored
The medical field has experienced numerous advancements over the years. The numerous advancements are due to the technologies that have been invented. Various diseases and medical conditions that were impossible to treat or correct can now be treated or reversed with stem cell therapy. Stem cells vary a lot of difference from regular cells. You need to research more about stem cells if you want to understand stem cells more. There are two main types of stem cells. Stem cells are mainly categorized into adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. The name used to refer to stem cells derived from living human beings is adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells are the stem cells that are derived from human embryos.
Adult stem cells are as versatile as embryonic stem cells, but they cannot become all the cell types found in the human body. The first uses of stem cells were umbilical cord and bone mallow transplantation. However, some scientists believed that adult stem cells are inferior to embryonic stem cells because adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body. Scientists hope they can make adult stem cells capable of becoming any cell type in the human body by reprogramming adult stem cells. Reprogrammed adult stem cells are also referred to as induced pluripotent stem cells.
Like embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells can become all the stem cells found in the human body. Adult stem cells are easy to harvest, available in plenty, and have a low risk of immune system injection in patients even though they cannot divide to create every type of cell found in the human body. All cells making the embryo are stem cells within the first four to five days after fertilization. The stem cells in embryos are responsible for developing into any type of cell in the human body. Five or six days after fertilization, the stem cells forming the embryo cease to be pluripotent.
Perinatal stem cells are mostly sourced from amniotic fluid and tissue, umbilical cord blood and tissue, and placental blood and tissue. Adult stem cells are mainly harvested in three ways; bone marrow extraction, blood draw, and tissue fat extraction, also referred to as liposuction. A woman’s womb is not used as a growing and multiplication environment of embryo cells; instead, embryo cells are multiplied in a laboratory If you want to be a donor for stem cells, you should be prepared to feel fatigued and sore for a few weeks because about ten percent of a donor’s bone marrow is extracted. A sem cell done is sedated when the procedure of extracting stem cell cells from his or her bone marrow can be painless.