Why We Need Botanic Conservation Gardens More Than Before
We are losing the world plant cover at an increasingly worrying rate which is reducing the ecosystem this is mainly as a result of devastating human activities putting some plant species at risk of extinction. Humans are the primary contributors to the destruction of the ecosystem because of engaging in vicious activities without being honest with their environmental concerns, some of these destructive activities include but not limited to include urbanization, poor forestry practices, over-harvesting, land-use changes, global environmental changes and use of exotic species. Plant plays an integral role in humans, they are the source of oxygen, food, medicine and home to millions of animal species, therefore, we need to develop reliable methods of conserving them particularly the endangered plant species . One of the ideal ways to conserve and protect plant species is through plant botanic gardens, these gardens play a vital role in the protection of endangered plant species, for scientific research as well as for human needs. Plant botanic gardens have many roles besides protection of endangered plant species and for scientific studies to learn more keep reading the article.
The primary importance of plant botanical gardens is to protect, conserve and diversify plant species particularly the endangered plant species, today there are an estimated 2500 plant botanical gardens worldwide with over 6 million accessions of living plants, this is a significant number of species and it is said to represent about a quarter of the world vascular plant species, this is important because it helps in conserving the endangered plant species and diversification of global plant biodiversity which counters plant lose contributed by human activities and climate changes.
Plant botanical gardens are at the heart of many branches of scientific research, this is because they provide a variety of species from which scientists can get valuable information by collecting data that can help them understand things such as phonological indications due to climate change, plant-animal interactions, plant physiology of variety of species many more data that can help them devise improved species or new farming tactics. Botanical gardens can also provide plant information that contributes to a strong understanding of their functional characteristics such as trade-offs between species traits and plant performance.
The vital role of plant botanic conservation is in the understanding of the threatened plant species, this is made possible by the huge presence of plant species in the botanic garden, botanic garden conservation contribute to the protection, maintenance, and support of threatened plant species mainly through ex-situ conservation which is mainly conservation of biological diversity from their natural habitat. Those are some of the main reasons why botanical gardens are emerging today, other important reasons include the desire to spread awareness to the public about threatened plant species and the importance of protecting the earth’s plant covers.